Search

Nostalgia: They’ve been holding fairs in Rainham for more than 700 years

11:50 24 April 2013

Robert Waleraund was a powerful figure during the reign of King Henry III (pictured)

Robert Waleraund was a powerful figure during the reign of King Henry III (pictured)

Archant

On Monday May 6 Rainham Association for Village Events (RAVE) will hold its annual Rainham Village May Fayre.

South Hall Manor was near where Chafford School is now.South Hall Manor was near where Chafford School is now.

Over 700 years ago in 1270 Robert Waleraund (died 1273) was granted permission to hold a weekly market and an annual fair at South Hall Manor to the south east of Rainham near where Chafford School is now.

South Hall was one of four manors in Rainham recorded in William the Conqueror’s Domesday Book of 1086.

Waleraund was a powerful figure in the government of King Henry III (1207-1272), credited both with precipitating Simon de Montfort’s revolt of the nobility in 1264 and masterminding the subsequent recovery of royal power, transferring land to the king’s supporters from his opponents after the Battle of Evesham in 1265.

The previous owner of South Hall, Henry de Cramavill, may have supported de Montfort. Waleraund began treating it as his own from 1267.

Cllr Andrew CurtinCllr Andrew Curtin

Markets and fairs were an effective way of gaining popular support and raising revenue for the crown in the thirteenth century, boosting local trade and raising funds for the crown from fees.

The number of places granted a market or fair in England rose from 377 to 1687 between 1200 and 1300, including Grays in 1221, Romford 1247, Aveley 1248 and South Ockendon in 1254. A market was first recorded in Barking in 1219.

Waleraund seems to have been a particular advocate of markets and fairs, gaining grants to hold a fair on his land in Wiltshire in 1247, a market and two fairs in Herefordshire in 1259, and buying land in Hampshire with a market and a fair in 1268.

South Hall Manor would have been an attractive place for trade. Waleraund seems to have taken measures to improve the productivity of the manor. A watermill is first recorded on the land in 1270. Nearby Rainham Village was flourishing with a comparatively large population, and the area enjoyed thriving agriculture and good transport links. St Bartholomew’s Hospital in London was recorded as drawing grain, beans and hay from its estate in the centre of Rainham Village in 1200. In 1314 nearby Moor Hall Manor was recorded as producing milk, cheese, wool, calves and lambs. Rainham bridge was first mentioned in 1234, and Rainham Creek first recorded as an outlet for local produce in 1200. Fishermen were first recorded in Rainham in 1329.

0 comments

Latest News Stories

Year seven pupils took part in a sponsored walk at Cely Woods for Saint Francis Hospice

A charity that has supported those with life limiting illnesses for 31 years has held a special service to mark its anniversary.

Yesterday, 15:27
Michael Hotti was jailed

An “extremely violent” career criminal has been jailed for five years for robbing two stores while on licence.

Yesterday, 13:03
More than 400 houses in Hornchurch experienced a power cut in the early hours of the morning

More than 400 homes suffered a power cut in the early hours of the morning after a fault to an underground cable.

Yesterday, 09:12
The man was impaled on railings of Central Park. Picture: Google Maps

A “lucky” man was rescued after becoming impaled on park railings through the top of his arm last night.

Most read news

News from your area

WW100

Click on the banner above for full coverage of the centenary commemorations of the outbreak of the First World War.

Competitions

Get your hands on some fresh trainers!

Need some new shoes to head to work or some new heels for a night on the cobbles? London24 has teamed up with online retailer Sole Trader to offer £100 worth of shoes to one lucky reader.

Take in the stunning sites of London from the summit of the O2!

Up at The O2 has teamed up with London24 to give one lucky reader the chance to experience urban mountaineering this summer with an exhilarating 90-minute climb across the roof of one of London’s most iconic landmarks.

Digital Edition

Image
Read the Romford Recorder e-edition today E-edition
Family Notices 24


Our trusted business finder